Six completed community shallow wells now provide water for 750 people in the following communities: MphangoWalimba, Mandele, Nyaulomba, Ndombo and Nyalugwe with 125 users per water point. In each of the communities, 55 household Eco-san latrines have been constructed, for a total of 330 latrines. On average each latrine serves five people, thus a total of 1650 beneficiaries for the 6 communities. The Project trained 10 Sanitation Promoters (Masons) in Sanitation marketing and Sanitation and Hygiene Promotion. The promoters have also been equipped with different sanitation technologies which they can offer to the communities. Government extension staff from the villages have also been trained in hygiene promotion methods.
A hygiene improvement program is integral to this project and focuses on improving key hygiene behaviors, especially ensuring safe household drinking water, proper hand-washing hygiene, and effective use of sanitation/safe disposal of feces. Government extension workers have been trained in hygiene promotion techniques using Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation methods. These government extension workers and the Sanitation and Hygiene Promoters have held 2 mass media campaigns in each community. Music, drama and poems were used to disseminate the Hygiene messages. 100 leaf lets on proper use of Eco-san latrines, 60 posters on hand washing/water handling have also been distributed.
Communities understand their wells and what it takes to have safe water. This is so because being a shallow well project, the communities actively participated in the digging on the wells, lining and the other usual civil work. When a well is machine-drilled, communities are only involved in decision-making for siting, planning and the final civil works. Where shallow wells are possible, it’s very cost effective to protect shallow wells for provision of safe water.